Selected Publications

 

                                           Selected Publications of Varsha P. Kulkarni

 

(Journal Abbreviations: ApJ: Astrophysical Journal; AJ: Astronomical Journal; A&A: Astronomy & Astrophysics; MNRAS: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; NewA: New Astronomy; Msngr: Messenger; PSS: Planetary & Space Science)

 

Kulkarni, V. P. & Fall, S. M. 1993, `The Proximity Effect and the Mean Intensity of Ionizing Radiation at Low Redshifts', ApJ Letters, 413, L63

 

Kulkarni, V. P. & York, D. G. 1993, `Pruning the Ly-alpha Forest of Q1331+170' in The Evolution of Galaxies and their Environment, eds. D. Hollenbach, H. Thronson & J. M. Shull, (NASA), 141

 

Welty, D. E., Hobbs, L. M., & Kulkarni, V. P. 1994, `A High-Resolution Survey of Interstellar

Na I D1 Lines', ApJ, 436, 152

 

Kulkarni, V. P. & Fall, S. M. 1995, `Implications of Nonthermal Motions for Statistics of Lyman-alpha Forest Clouds', ApJ, 453, 65

 

Green, R. F., York, D., Huang, K., Bechtold, J., Welty, D., Carlson, M., Khare, P., & Kulkarni, V. 1995, `Abundances and Ionization in Multiple-component Absorbers', in QSO Absorption Lines, ed. G. Meylan, (Springer-Verlag), 85


Kulkarni, V. P., Huang, K., Green, R. F., Bechtold, J., Welty, D. E., & York, D. G. 1996, `Pruning the Ly-alpha Forest of Q1331+170', MNRAS, 279, 197

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Fall, S. M., & Truran, J. W. 1997, `Abundance Patterns of Heavy Elements in Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', ApJ Letters, 484, L7

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Calzetti, D., et al. 1998, `Unveiling the Hidden Nucleus of IC5063 with NICMOS', ApJ Letters, 492, L121

 

Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., Weymann, R. J., McLeod, K. K., Rieke, G. H., Hill, J. M., & Kulkarni, V. 1998, `NICMOS Imaging of QSO Host Galaxies at 0.1 < z < 4.4', in NICMOS and the VLT, eds. W. Freudling and R. Hook, (ESO), 207

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Bechtold, J., & Ge, J. 1999a, `Element Abundances in Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', in Chemical Evolution from Zero to High Redshift, eds. M. Rosa and J. Walsh, (Springer-Verlag), 275

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Hill, J. M., Weymann, R. J., Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., Rieke, M. J., Schneider, G., Thompson, R. I., & Jannuzi, B. 1999b, `Search for a High-redshift Damped Lyman-alpha Absorber with NICMOS', in Chemical Evolution from Zero to High Redshift, eds. M. Rosa and J. Walsh, (Springer-Verlag), 262

 

Quillen, A. C., Alonso-Herroro, A., Rieke, G. H., Rieke, M. J., Kulesa, C., & Kulkarni, V. P. 1999, `NICMOS Imaging of Molecular Hydgroen Emission in Seyfert Galaxies', ApJ, 527, 696

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Hill, J. M., Schneider, G., Weymann, R. J., Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., Rieke, M. J., Thompson, R. I., & Jannuzi, B. 1999c, `NICMOS Imaging of Damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers at z=2', in `The Hy-Redshift Universe: Galaxy Formation and Evolution at High Redshift', Proc. Hy-fest Meeting, Berkeley, (ASP Conf. Series), 603

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Hill, J. M., Schneider, G., Weymann, R. J., Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., Rieke, M. J., Thompson, R. I., & Jannuzi, B. 2000, `NICMOS Imaging of the z=1.89 damped Lyman-alpha absorber toward LBQS1210+1731: Constraints on Sizes and Star Formation Rates', ApJ, 536, 36

 

Scott, J., Bechtold J., Dobrzycki, A., & Kulkarni, V. P. 2000, `A Uniform Analysis of the Ly-alpha Forest at z=0-5: III. Measuring the Mean Intensity of the Extragalactic Ionizing Background using the Proximity Effect', ApJ Supplement Series, 130, 67

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Hill, J. M., Schneider, G., Weymann, R. J., Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., Rieke, M. J., Thompson, R. I., & Jannuzi, B. 2001,`A Search for the Damped Ly-alpha absorber at z=1.86 toward QSO 1244+3443 with NICMOS', ApJ, 551, 37

 

Ge, J., Bechtold, J., & Kulkarni, V. P. 2001, `H2, C I, Metallicity and Dust Depletion in the z = 2.34 Damped Ly-alpha Absorption System toward QSO 1232+0815', ApJ Letters, 547, L1

 

Scott, J., Bechtold J., Morita, M., Dobrzycki, A., & Kulkarni, V. P. 2002, `A Uniform Analysis of the Ly-α Forest at z=0-5: V. The Extragalactic Ionizing Background at Low Redshift', ApJ, 571, 665

 

Kulkarni, V. P., & Fall, S. M. 2002, `Metallicity Evolution of Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', ApJ, 580, 732

 

Scott, J., Bechtold, J., Morita, M., Dobrzycki, A., & Kulkarni, V. P. 2002, `The Extragalactic Ionizing Background at Low Redshift', in `Extragalactic Gas at Low Redshfit', Editors J. S. Mulchaey and J. T. Stocke, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific), 254, 375

 

Kulkarni, V. P. 2003, `Evolution of Stars and Metals in Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', invited review article, Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India, 31, 201

 

Kulkarni, V. P. 2003, `Evolution of Metals and Stars in Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', invited review article, Highlights of Astronomy, vol. 13, Editors P.E. Nissen and M. Pettini, (International Astronomical Union / Astronomical Society of the Pacific), 566

 

Khare, P., Kulkarni, V. P., Lauroesch, J. T., York, D. G., Crotts, A. P. S., & Nakamura, O. 2004, `Metals and Dust in Intermediate-redshift Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', ApJ, 616, 86

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Fall, S. M., Lauroesch, J. T., York, D. G., Welty, D. E., Khare, P., & Truran, J. W. 2005, `Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Element Abundances in Low-redshift Damped Lyman- alpha Galaxies and Implications for the Global Metallicity-redshift Relation', ApJ, 618, 68

 

Khare, P., Kulkarni, V. P., Lauroesch, J. T., Fall, S. M., York, D. G., Welty, D. E., Crotts, A. P. S., Truran, J. W., & Nakamura, O. 2005, `Evolution of Metals and Dust in the Universe', Bulletin of Astronomical Society of India, 33, 219

 

Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., Lauoresch, J. T., Fall, S. M., Khare, P., Woodgate, B., Palunas, P., Meiring, J., Thatte, D. G., Welty, D. E., & Truran, J. W. 2005, 'The Evolution of Damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers: Metallicities and Star Formation Rates', in 'Probing Galaxies through Quasar Absorption Lines', Proceedings IAU Colloquium 199, 2005, Eds. P. R. Williams, C. Shu, and B. Menard, 307

 

Khare, P., York, D. G., Vanden Berk, D., Kulkarni, V. P., et al. 2005, 'Evidence for the presence of dust in intervening QSO absorbers from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey', in 'Probing Galaxies through Quasar Absorption Lines', Proceedings IAU Colloquium 199, 2005, Eds. P. R. Williams, C. Shu, and B. Menard, 427

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Woodgate, B. E., York, D. G., Thatte, D. G., Meiring, J., Palunas, P., & Wassell, E. 2006, 'A Fabry-Perot Imaging Survey for Lyman-alpha Emission in Quasar Absorbers at z~2.4', ApJ, 636, 30

 

Chun, M. R., Gharanfoli, S., Kulkarni, V. P., & Takamiya, M. 2006, `Adaptive Optics Imaging of Low-redshift Quasar Absorbers with Gemini-North', AJ, 131, 686

 

Peroux, C., Kulkarni, V. P., Meiring, J., Ferlet, R., Khare, P., Lauroesch, J. T., Vladilo, G., & York, D. G.2006, 'The Most Metal-rich Intervening Quasar Absorber Known', A&A, 450, 53

 

York, D. G., Khare, P., Vanden Berk, D., Kulkarni, V. P., Crotts, A. P. S., Lauoresch, J. T., Richards, G. T., Schneider, D. P., Welty, D. E., Alsayyad, Y., Kumar, A., Lundgren, B., Shanidze, N., Vanlandigham, J., Baugher, B., Hall, P. B., Jenkins, E. B., Menard, B., Rao, S., Tumlinson, J., Turnshek, D., Yip, C.-W., & Brinkman, J. 2006, `Average Extinction Curves and Relative Abundances for QSO Absorption Line Systems at 1 <= z < 2', MNRAS, 367, 945

 

Vladilo, G., Centurion, M., Levshakov, S. A., Peroux, C., Khare, P., Kulkarni, V. P., & York, D. G. 2006 , `Extinction and metal column density of HI regions upto redshift z~2', A&A, 454, 151

 

Meiring, J. D., Kulkarni, V. P., Khare, P., Bechtold, J., York, D. G., Cui, J., Lauroesch, J. T., Crotts, A. P. S., & Nakamura, O. 2006 , `Elemental Abudance Measurements in Low-redshift Damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers', MNRAS, 370, 43

 

Peroux, C., Meiring, J., Kulkarni, V. P., Ferlet, R., Khare, P., Lauroesch, J. T., Vladilo, G., & York, D. G.2006, 'Metal-rich Damped/sub-damped Lyman-alpha Quasar Absorbers at z < 1', MNRAS, 372, 369

 

Gharanfoli, S., Kulkarni, V. P., Chun, M. R., & Takamiya, M. 2007, 'Emission-line Spectroscopy of a Damped Lyman-alpha Absorbing Galaxy at z=0.437', AJ, 133, 130

 

Khare, P., Kulkarni, V. P., Peroux, C., York, D. G., Lauroesch, J. T., & Meiring, J. D. 2007, 'The Nature of Damped and Sub-damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers', A&A, 464, 487

 

Meiring, J. D., Lauroesch, J. T., Kulkarni, V. P., Peroux, C., Khare, P., York, D. G., & Crotts, A. P. S. 2007 , `New Abudance Determinations in z < 1.5 QSO Absorbers: Seven Sub-DLAs and One DLA', MNRAS, 376, 557

 

Kulkarni, V. P. 2007, 'The Chemical Composition of Damped Lyman-alpha Galaxies', to appear in ``At the Edge of the Universe: Latest Results from the Deepest Astronomical Surveys", Ed. Jose Afonso, Henry Ferguson and Ray Norris, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 380, 455

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Khare, P., Peroux, C., York, D. G., Lauroesch, J. T., & Meiring, J. D. 2007, 'The Role of Sub-damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers in the Cosmic Evolution of Metals', ApJ, 661, 88

 

Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., Vladilo, G., & Welty, D. E. 2007, '9.7 micrometer silicate absorption in a Damped Lyman-alpha Absorber at z=0.52', ApJL, 663, L81

 

Meiring, J. D., Kulkarni, V . P., Lauroesch, J. T., Peroux, C., Khare, P., York, D. G., & Crotts, A. P. S. 2008 , `The Chemical Compositions of 10 new sub-DLA and strong Lyman-limit systems at z < 1.5', MNRAS, 384, 1015

 

Vanden Berk, D., Khare, P., York, D. G., Richards, G. T., Lundgren, B., Alsayyad, Y., Kulkarni, V. P., Subbarao, M., Schneider, D. P., Heckman, T., Anderson, S., Crotts, A. P. S., Frieman, J. , Stoughton, C., Lauoresch, J. T., Hall, P. B., Meiksin, A., Steffing, M., Vanlandigham, J. 2008, `Average Properties of a Large Sample of zabs ~ zem Associated Mg II Absorption Line Systems', ApJ, 679, 239

 

Peroux, C., Meiring, J. D., Kulkarni, V. P., Khare, P., Lauroesch, J. T., Vladilo, G., York, D. G. 2008, `Metal abundances at z < 1.5: new measurements in sub-damped Lyman α absorbers’, MNRAS, 386, 2209

 

Meiring, J. D.,  Kulkarni, V. P., Lauroesch, J. T., Péroux, C., Khare, P., & York, D. G. 2009, `New Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle Observations of z < 1.5 sub-damped Lyman α systems’, MNRAS, 393, 1513

 

Meiring, J. D., Lauroesch, J. T., Kulkarni, V. P., Péroux, C., Khare, P., & York, D. G. 2009, `A MIKE + UVES survey of sub-damped Lyman α systems at z < 1.5’, 397, 2037

 

Chun, M. R., Kulkarni, V. P., Gharanfoli, S., & Takamiya, M. 2010, `Adaptive Optics Imaging of a Massive Galaxy Associated With a Metal-Rich Absorber’, AJ, 139, 296

 

Straka, L. A., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., Woodgate, B. E., & Grady, C. A. 2010, `A Search for Galaxies Producing Metal-Rich Quasar Absorbers’, AJ, 139, 1144

 

Jiang, P., Ge, J., Prochaska, J. X., Kulkarni, V. P., Lu, H. L., & Zhou, H. Y. 2010,  `A Dusty Mg II Absorber Associated with the Quasar SDSS J003545.13+011441.2’, ApJ, 720, 328

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Khare, P., Som, D., Meiring, J., York, D. G., Péroux, C., & Lauroesch, J. T. 2010,  `Do damped and sub-damped Lyman-alpha absorbers arise in galaxies of different masses?’, NewA, 15, 735

 

Péroux, C., Bouché, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., & Vladilo, G. 2010, `A SINFONI integral field spectroscopy survey for Galaxy counterparts to damped Lyman-α systems’, SF2A-2010, 383

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Torres-Garcia, L. M., Som, D., York, D. G., Welty, D. E., & Vladilo, G. 2011, `Interstellar Silicate Dust in Five Quasar Absorption Systems’, ApJ, 726, 14

 

Peroux, C., Bouché, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., & Vladilo, G. 2011,  `A SINFONI integral field spectroscopy survey for galaxy counterparts to damped Lyman α systems - II. Dynamical properties of the galaxies towards Q0302 - 223 and Q1009 – 0026’, MNRAS, 410, 2251

 

Meiring, J. D., Lauroesch, J. T., Haberzettl, L., Kulkarni, V. P., Péroux, C., Khare, P., & York, D. G. 2011, `SOAR imaging of sub-damped Lyman α systems at z < 1’, MNRAS, 410, 2516

 

Péroux, C., Bouché, N., Kulkarni, V., York, D., & Vladilo, G. 2011, `The SINFONI Integral Field   Spectroscopy Survey  for Galaxy Counterparts to Damped Lyman-α Systems’, Msngr, 143, 37

 

Straka, L. A., Kulkarni, V. P., & York, D. G. 2011, `Near-Infrared Imaging of Six Metal-rich Quasar Absorber Galaxy Fields’, AJ, 141, 206

 

Péroux, C., Bouché, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., &Vladilo, G. 2011, `Erratum: A SINFONI integral field  spectroscopy survey for galaxy counterparts to damped Lyman α systems - I. New detections and limits for intervening and associated absorbers’, MNRAS, 418, 2110

 

Khare, P., vanden Berk, D., York, D. G., Lundgren, B., & Kulkarni, V. P. 2012, `Exploring the dust content of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 damped Lyman α systems at 2.15 ≤ z ≤ 5.2’,  MNRAS, 419, 1028

 

Péroux, C., Bouché, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., & Vladilo, G. 2012, `A SINFONI integral field spectroscopy survey for galaxy counterparts to damped Lyman α systems - III. Three additional detections’, MNRAS, 419, 3060

 

Aller, M.  C., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., Vladilo, G., Welty, D. E., & Som, D.  2012, `Interstellar Silicate Dust in the z = 0.89 Absorber toward PKS 1830-211: Crystalline Silicates at High Redshift?’, ApJ, 748, 19

 

Kulkarni, V. P., Meiring, J., Som, D., Peroux, C., York, D. G., Khare, P., & Lauroesch, J. T.  2012,  `A Super-Damped Lyman-alpha QSO Absorber at z=2.2’, ApJ, 749, 176


York, D. G., Straka, L. A., Bishof, M., Kuttruff, S., Bowen, D., Kulkarni, V. P., Subbarao, M., Richards, G., Vanden Berk, D., Hall, P., Heckman, T., Khare, P., Quashnock, J., Ghering, L., & Johnson, S. 2012, ‘Galaxies with Background QSOs, I: A Search for Strong Galactic H-alpha Lines’, MNRAS, 423, 3692    


Takamiya, M., Chun, M., Kulkarni, V. P., & Gharanfoli, S. 2012, ‘The Nature of a Galaxy along the Sight Line to PKS 0454+039’, AJ, 144, 111


P´eroux, C., Bouch´e, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., & Vladilo, G. 2013, ‘A SINFONI Integral Field Spectroscopy Survey for Galaxy Counterparts to Damped Lyman-α Systems - IV. Kinematics and Gas Flows’, MNRAS, 436, 2650


Som, D., Kulkarni, V. P., Meiring, J., York, D. G., P’eroux, C., & Khare, P. 2013, ‘Element Abundances at High-redshift: Magellan MIKE Observations of sub-Damped Lyman-α Absorbers at 1.7 < z <2.4’, MNRAS, 435, 1469


Chartas, G., Kulkarni, V. P., & Asper, A. 2013, ‘A Mini X-Ray Survey of Sub-damped Lyman-alpha Absorption Systems: Searching for Active Galactic Nuclei Formed in Protogalaxies’, ApJ, 775, 119


Straka, L. A., Whichard, Z. L., Kulkarni, V. P., Bishof, M., Bowen, D., Khare, P., & York, D. G. 2013, ‘Galaxies with background QSOs - II. An automated search for multiple galaxy emission lines’, MNRAS, 436, 3200


Aller, M., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., Welty, D. E., Vladilo, G., & Som, D. 2013, Probing Interstellar Silicate Dust Grain Properties in Quasar Absorption Systems at Redshifts z < 1.4, in Proc. The Life Cycle of Dust in the Universe: Observations, Theory, and Laboratory Experiments (LCDU2013), Taipei, Taiwan, Eds. A. Andersen, M. Baes, H. Gomez, C. Kemper, and D. Watson.


Kisielius, R., Kulkarni, V. P., Ferland, G., Bogdanovich, P. 2014, ‘Atomic Data for S II: Toward Better Diagnostics of Chemical Evolution in High-redshift Galaxies’, ApJ, 780, 76


Péroux, C., Bouch´e, N., Kulkarni, V. P., York, D. G., & Vladilo, G. 2014, ‘A SINFONI Integral Field Spectroscopy Survey for Galaxy Counterparts to Damped Lyman-α Systems - V. Neutral and Ionised Phase Metallicities’, MNRAS, 437, 3144


Aller, M. C., Kulkarni, V.P., York, D.G., Vladilo, G., Welty, D.E., & Liger, N. 2014, ‘Interstellar Silicate Dust in the z=0.685 Absorber toward TXS0218+357’, ApJ, 785, 36


Straka, L. A., Noterdaeme, P., Srianand, R., Nutalaya, S., Kulkarni, V. P., Khare, P.,  Bowen, D.,  Bishof, M., & York, D. G. 2015, Galactic nebular lines in the fibre spectra of background QSOs: reaching a hundred QSO-galaxy pairs with spectroscopic and photometric measurements, MNRAS, 447, 3856


Kisielius, R., Kulkarni, V. P., Ferland, G. J., Bogdanovich, P., Som, D., & Lykins, M. L. 2015, Atomic Data for Zn II: Improving  Spectral Diagnostics of Chemical Evolution in High-redshift Galaxies, ApJ., 804, 76


Som, D., Kulkarni, V. P., Meiring, J., York, D. G., , Péroux, C., Lauroesch, J. T., Aller, M. C., & Khare, P. 2015, Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Sub-Damped Lyman-alpha Absorbers at z < 0.5, and Implications for Galaxy Chemical Evolution ApJ, 806, 25


Kulkarni, V. P., Som, D., Morrison, S., Péroux, C., Quiret, S., & York, D. G. 2015, Keck and VLT Observations of Super-Damped Lyman-Alpha Absorbers at z 2- 2.5: Constraints on Chemical Compositions and Physical Conditions, ApJ, 815, 24


Straka, L. A., Johnson, S., York, D. G., Bowen, D. V., Florian, M., Kulkarni, V. P., Lundgren, B., & Péroux, C. 2016, Magellan LDSS3 emission confirmation of galaxies hosting metal-rich Lyman α absorption systems, MNRAS, 458, 3760


Péroux, C., Quiret, S., Rahmani, H., Kulkarni, V. P., Epinat, B., Milliard, B., Straka, L. A., York, D. G., Rahmati, A., & Contini, T. 2016, A SINFONI integral field spectroscopy survey for galaxy counterparts to damped Lyman α systems - VI. Metallicity and geometry as gas flow probes, MNRAS,  457, 903


Rahmani, H., Péroux, C., Turnshek, D. A., Rao, S. M., Quiret, S., Hamilton, T. S., Kulkarni, V. P., Monier, E. M., &

Zafar, T. 2016, A study of the circumgalactic medium at z ˜ 0.6 using damped Lyman α galaxies, MNRAS, 463, 980


Quiret, S., Péroux, C., Zafar, T., Kulkarni, V. P., Jenkins, E. B., Milliard, B., Rahmani, H., Popping, A., Rao, S. M.,Turnshek, D. A., & Monier, E. M. 2016, The ESO UVES advanced data products quasar sample - VI. Sub-damped Lyman α metallicity

measurements and the circumgalactic medium, MNRAS, 458, 4074


Morrison, S., Kulkarni, V. P., Som, D., DeMarcy, B., Quiret, S., & Péroux, C. 2016, Element Abundances in a Gas-rich Galaxy at z = 5: Clues to the Early Chemical Enrichment of Galaxies, ApJ, 830, 158


Péroux, C., Rahmani, H., Quiret, S.,Pettini, M., Kulkarni, V., York, D. G., Straka, L., Husemann, B., Milliard, B. 2017, Nature of the absorbing gas associated with a galaxy group at z˜0.4, MNRAS, 464, 2053


Kulkarni, V. P., Aller, M. C.,York, D. G., Welty, D. E., Vladilo, G., & Som, D. 2016, Probing the Interstellar Dust in Galaxies over >10 Gyr of Cosmic History,PSS, 133, 7 (invited review article; arXiv: astro-ph/1603.06434)