Look inside the Book!
The aim of this course is to uncover the substructure of atomic nuclei and nucleons by focusing on the underlying principles, ideas and experiments.
We will not only answer questions addressing the size, shape, building blocks, excitation and decay of nuclei and nucleons, but will also try to embed them in a more general view and understanding of physics. While learning the basic ingredients of nuclear and particle physics we will see that similar aspects of symmetries are valid not only at small but at all scales, thus we may also find the answer to the question, why the radius of rain drops is always smaller than 2.25 mm.
In other lectures we have to talk about the uncertainty relations and interferences to establish a deeper, yet still easy, way of understanding form factors in position as well as in momentum space. And if you believe that you have already understood the double slit experiment you will get the chance to explain why the light of two different stars light years apart from each other can generate an interference pattern that is measurable here on earth.
As a last example, while introducing the relativistic kinematics that is needed for experimental nuclear and particle physics, you will learn, how to calculate the temperature of the cosmic background radiation from the mass of the first excited state of the nucleon and the mass of the highest energetic protons ever seen.
In our laboratory hours we will focus on two experiments and the needed equipment to carry them out. These two are measuring cosmic rays and a series of distributions to experience how statistics influences life or the results of measurements. Unfortunately, there is no direct translation of a well known German saying "Ein Unglück kommt selten allein", which would have been a nice way of telling you that you have to learn about generalized s-fold interval distributions, but one way or the other you will see that uncorrelated disasters most likely happen at the same time, which might make you question whether it is really your choice to join the course.
Learning outcomes: Upon successful
completion of this course, you should know about the
importance of phase space cells and uncertainty relations, and should
have established a basic knowledge on the global properties of nuclei,
on radioactivity, on scattering cross sections, on the structure of
nuclei and nucleons down to the level of quarks and gluons, on
experimental techniques in nuclear physics, ...
or in short, you should know what we have done and if you don't, ask or Look inside the Book!